Pennsylvania Shotokan Karate Club

Terminology

Master Funakoshi's 20 Principles of Karate
General Karate Terminology (Counting, Ceremony, Terminology)
Shotokan Karate Postures
Shotokan Karate Punches
Shotokan Karate Stances
Shotokan Karate Blocks
Shotokan Karate Kicks
Shotokan Karate Strikes
Shotokan Karate Kata Names

Master Funakoshi's 20 Principles of Karate

1. In Karate, start with a bow and finish with a bow.
2. There is no first attack in Karate.
3. Karate is a great assistance to justice.
4. Know yourself first and then others.
5. Spirit first, techniques second.
6. Be ready to release your mind.
7. Accidents come out of idleness.
8. Do not think that you can learn Karate only in the Dojo.
9. It will take your entire life to learn Karate.
10. Karate is everything.
11. Karate is just like hot water. If you do not give heat constantly, it will again become cold water.
12. Do not think you have to win. Think, rather, that you do not have to lose.
13. Victory depends on your ability to tell vulnerable points from invulnerable ones.
14. Move according to your opponent.
15. Consider your opponent's hands and legs as you would sharp swords.
16. As soon as you leave home for work, think that millions of opponents are waiting for you.
17. Low stance for beginners; natural stance for advanced students.
18. Practicing a Kata is one thing and engaging in a real fight is another.
19. Do not forget (a) light and heavy application of power, (b) expansion and contraction of the body, (c) slowness and speed of techniques.
20. Devise at all times.

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General Karate Terminology (Counting, Ceremony, Terminology)

GISHISKI CEREMONY
Rei Bow
Seiza Kneel down
Mokuso Meditation
Mokuso Yame Stop meditation
Sensei, Onegaishimasu, Rei Teacher, please train us, bow
Sensei, Arigato Gozaimashita, Rei Teacher, thank you very much, bow
Tatte Stand
KAZU COUNTING
Ichi One
Ni Two
San Three
Shi (Yon) Four
Go Five
Roku Six
Shichi Seven
Hachi Eight
Kyu Nine
Jyu Ten
Jyu Ichi Eleven
Ni Jyu Twenty
Ni Jyu Ichi Twenty-one
Shodan First degree
Nidan Second degree
Sandan Third degree
Yondan Fourth Degree
Godan Fifth Degree
YOGO TERMINOLOGY
Karate Empty hands
Dojo Training place
Shihan Master
Sensei Teacher
Sempai Senior (Higher belt)
Dohai Equal (Same belt)
Kohai Junior (Lower belt)
Obi Belt
Keiotsuke Attention
Hajime Begin
Yame Stop
Karate-Ka Karate student
Karate-Gi Karate uniform
Otagi Ni Bow to each other
Rei Bow
Oss A word showing respect
Mawatte Turn around
Kata Form (an arranged pattern of attack and defense techniques against multiple imaginary opponents)

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Shotokan Karate Postures

HIDARI KAMAE Left Posture. Used to describe when your left side is forward in a stance
JIYU KAMAE Free Sparring Posture
KAMAE Posture or Stance. Kamae is sometimes spelt GAMAE.
KAMAETE A command given by the instructor for students to get into position.
KOSHI KAMAE A stance where the fists are held one above the other against one of the hips. Seen in the kata Heian Yondan
MIGI KAMAE Right Posture. Used to describe when your right side is forward in a stance.
ZANSHIN KAMAE Awareness posture.

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Shotokan Karate Punches

TSUKI PUNCHES
GYAKU TSUKI Reverse Punch
KIZAMI TSUKI Jabbing Punch
OI-TSUKI Lunge punch
SANBON TSUKI A series of three punches, generally the first is OI TSUKI JODAN, followed by a slight pause then, CHUDAN GYAKU TSUKI. immediately followed by CHUDAN TSUKI, but it can be performed with three punches to the same target
TSUKI A punch or thrust.
ZUKI A different spelling of TSUKI. You would use the spelling 'Zuki' when you are adding the word to another. You use the spelling 'Tsuki' when it is said by itself

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Shotokan Karate Stances

DACHI STANCES
KIBA DACHI Straddle Stance. Also known as HORSE RIDING STANCE
KOKUTSU DACHI Back Stance
ZENKUTSU DACHI Forward Stance. The actual translation means Front Knee Bent Stance.

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Shotokan Karate Blocks

UKE Blocks
AGE UKE Upper Rising Block. Used generally to guard against an attack to the face
CHUDAN UDE UKE Middle Level Forearm Block, blocking an attack to the mid-section
CHUDAN UKE Middle Level Block. A general term for middle level blocks
GEDAN BARAI Lower Level Sweep. Normally the first move students make prior to going on to do their combinations, one of the reason's for this is so that the first move in Karate is a block which demonstrates that Karate is for self-defense. When we call Gedan Barai it is really a shortened version of Gedan Barai Uke
GEDAN UKE Lower Level Block
JUJI UKE X Block
MOROTE UKE Augmented Block
SHUTO UKE Knife-hand Block
SOTO UDE UKE Outside Forearm Block or sometimes said as Lower Wrist Block
SOTO UKE Outside Block, normally a shortened version of Soto Ude Uke
UCHI UDE UKE Inside Forearm Block
UCHI-UKE Inside Block generally used as a short version of Uchi Ude Uke
UDE UKE Forearm Block
URAKEN UKE Back Fist Block. For when the Back Fist is used as a block. This application is seen in the Kata Heian Nidan

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Shotokan Karate Kicks

GERI KICKS & ASHI WAZA - LEG TECHNIQUES
ASHI BARAI Foot/Leg Sweep
GERI Kick When using the spelling of 'geri' it should be added to another word to describe the kick. Geri used by itself would mean diahorrea. Also see KERI and Keru.
HIZA GERI (strike) Knee Kick
KEAGE 'Kick Up' in karate we use this when describing snapping as opposed to thrusting kicks. But see Keriage
KEKOMI Thrust Kick (Literally, Kick Into/Straight). See Kerikomi
KERI Kick, you will see kick spelt this way. Keri by itself is a noun meaning kick coming from the verb Keru "To kick", The normal spelling used on this site is GERI
MAE GERI Front Kick
MAE GERI KEAGE Front Snapping Kick
MAE GERI KEKOMI Front Thrust Kick
MAWASHI GERI Roundhouse Kick.
MIKAZUKI GERI Crescent Kick
NIDAN GERI Double Kick, as seen at the end of the Kata KANKU DA
REN-GERI Consecutive Kicking, alternate kicking i.e. left and then right
USHIRO GERI Back Kick
YOKO GERI Side Kick
YOKO GERI KEAGE Side Snap Kick
YOKO GERI KEKOMI Side Thrust Kick. Also referred to as YOKO KEKOMI

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Shotokan Karate Strikes

UCHI STRIKES
AGE-EMPI UCHI Upward Elbow Strike. Sometimes called TATE EMPI UCHI. seen in the kata Nijushiho
HAITO UCHI Ridge-hand Strike
HIJI-ATE Elbow strike, also called EMPI UCHI.
HIJI ATEMI or HIJI ATE Elbow Strikes.
NUKITE Spear Hand
URAKEN UCHI Back Fist Strike
USHIRO MAWASHI - EMPI UCHI Back Roundhouse Elbow Strike
YOKO EMPI UCHI Side Elbow Strike

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Shotokan Karate Kata Names

TAIKYO KYUFirst Cause
HEIAN SHODANPeaceful Mind First Level
HEIAN NIDANPeaceful Mind Second Level
HEIAN SANDANPeaceful Mind Third Level
HEIAN YONDANPeaceful Mind Fourth Level
HEIAN GODANPeaceful Mind Fifth Level
From Heian Ante meaning peace and calmness, taken from the city of Heian
TEKKI SHODANHorse Riding First Level
TEKKI NIDANHorse Riding Second Level
TEKKI SANDANHorse Riding Third Level
BASSAI DAITo penetrate a fortress Major*
BASSAI SHOTo penetrate a fortress Minor*
KANKU DAIViewing the Sky Major*
KANKU SHOViewing the Sky Minor*
HANGESTSUHalf Moon**
EMPIFlying Swallow
GANKAKUCrane on a Rock
JITTETen Hands (sometimes spelt JUTTE)
JI-ONFrom the temple of Jion
JI-INTemple grounds
CHINTEStrange Hands
MEIKYOPolished Mirror
NIJUSHIHOTwenty Four Steps
SOCHINImmovable in the face of danger
WANKANA proper name, King's Crown.
UNSUHands in the cloud
GOJUSHIHO SHOFifty Four Steps Minor*
GOJUSHIHO DAIFifty Four Steps Major*

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© 1992-2012 Pennsylvania Shotokan Karate Club
Pennsylvania Shotokan Karate Club